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Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

DIVERSITAS has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the CBD and is a regular contributor to the work of its Subsidiary Body of Scientific, Technological and Technical Advice (SBSTTA) and Conference Of the Parties (COP).

Since 2005 the CBD Secretariat is formally represented on the SC-DIVERSITAS.

The CBD is currently implementing the three following policy instruments adopted by COP10:

  • Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets;
  • Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity; and
  • Strategy for resource mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention's three objectives.


Contribution of DIVERSITAS to CBD


Contribution to discussions on 2020 biodiversity targets

COP10 adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets (the “20 targets for 2020”). This is a very important document that will shape the biodiversity policy landscape for the next 10 years.

DIVERSITAS contributed to the discussions on the 2020 targets, in the following ways:


  • Duraiappah A, Asah S, Brondizio E, Prieur-Richard A-H and Subramanian S. 2013. Managing Biodiversity is About People. 40. CBD (pdf)
  • Perrings C, Naeem S, Ahrestani FS, Bunker DE, Burkill P, Canziani G, Elmqvist T, Fuhrman JA, Jaksic FM, Kawabata Zi, Kinzig A, Mace GM, Mooney H, Prieur-Richard A-H, Tschirhart J and Weisser W. 2011. Ecosystem services, targets, and indicators for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(9):512-520 (pdf)
  • Mace et al. 2010, Biodiversity targets after 2010, COSUST 2:1-6; contribution from SC-DIVERSITAS (lead: G Mace).
  • Larigauderie, Mace and Mooney 2010, Colour-coded targets would help clarify biodiversity priorities, Letter to Nature 464:160.
  • Perrings et al. 2010, Ecosystem services and the 2020 targets. Science, 330: 323-3.


  • Presentation of the views of the scientific community on 2020 targets at the Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity (May 2013), as part of the official CBD consultation process on biodiversity targets.
  • Identifying social sciences contributions to achieve the 2020 Aichi Targets: work, commissioned by the CBD, led by UNU-IHDP and in collaboration with DIVERSITAS, proposes to focus on values, behaviour and institutions (Duraiappah et al. 2013, see above).
  • Organisation of PreCOP10 meeting (Feb 2010) with Ministry of Environment of Japan, and Secretariat CBD: this meeting provided SC-DIVERSITAS members and others with a platform to discuss the proposed targets, and to make recommendations to CBD.
  • bioSUSTAINABILITY workshop (UNEP project; Stockholm, August 2010) on the development of indicators for ecosystem services.
  • bioSUSTAINABILITY/ecoSERVICES side event at COP10 (21 Oct 2010, with UNEP-WCMC).
  • GEO BON contribution to the work of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) of the CBD on indicators for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020.


Contribution to the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS)

DIVERSITAS is co-leading a project on the implications of Access and Benefit-sharing rules and policies for academic research in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), which is supported by the SCBD (Secretariat of the CBD). More


Contribution to the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) of the CBD


A research consortium, lead by DIVERSITAS/bioDISCOVERY, was selected by the CBD to prepare the scenario assessment for the upcoming Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-4). More.



DIVERSITAS-bioDISCOVERY, together with UNEP-WCMC, coordinated a synthesis and critical analysis of existing global and regional biodiversity scenarios as a contribution to GBO-3. More.

GBO-3 was officially launched on May 10, 2010, at SBSTTA 14. The report can be found here.

Part of this work was recently published in: Pereira, Leadley et al. Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century. Science 330: 1496-1501

DIVERSITAS is acknowledged by COP10 for this work in Decision X/4.


Contributions on biodiversity monitoring and indicators

DIVERSITAS facilitates the science-policy interface for GEO BON contribution to the work of the Convention on Biological Diversity. More.


Contributions to past COPs and SBSTTAs

  • Contribution to CBD-SBSTTA 16 (Montreal, Canada, 30 April-5 May 2012)

In conjunction with the discussions of CBD-SBSTTA 16 on collaborative work on biodiversity and health, DIVERSITAS ecoHEALTH project, EcoHealth Alliance, and the Secretariat of the CBD held a very well-attended side event on 1st of May. This side event aimed at showcasing examples on the relationships between biodiversity and health, and how sound scientific outcomes can be used in environmental and health policy development. Following the presentations, a lively discussion took place on the added value of strenghtening collaboration between sectors, scientific disciplines, and organisations, including reinforcing the CBD-WHO collaboration. Programme of the side event.

In addition, DIVERSITAS delivered a statement on this topic during the SBSTTA working group discussions.


  • Contribution to CBD-SBSTTA 15 (Montreal, Canada, 7-11 November 2011)

DIVERSITAS organised two side-events during the SBSTTA 15 meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity (7-11 November 2011, Montréal, Canada):

  • Water & Forests: Fostering Human Health in a Changing Environment towards a Green Economy;
  • GEO BON: Assessment of observation capabilities for 2020 targets.

  • Contributions to COP10 (Nagoya, Japan, 18-29 October 2010)

DIVERSITAS made plenary statements on the programme of work on mountain biodiversity, climate change, GBO-3, the Global Taxonomy Initiative, and the 2020 targets.

DIVERSITAS also co-organised four side events:

  • GEO-BON: Building a Global Biodiversity Observing System (GEO, DIVERSITAS, NASA and EBONE; 19 October);
  • Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 and beyond (DIVERSITAS, UNEP-WCMC, S-CBD, 20 October);
  • Toward an IPBES (DIVERSITAS, IUCN, IHDP, ICSU, UNEP; 21 October);
  • Toward a set of targets for 2020 (DIVERSITAS, UNEP; 21 October).

DIVERSITAS was also involved in the Rio Conventions' Ecosystems and Climate Change Pavilion.


  • Contributions to CBD-SBSTTA 14 (Nairobi, Kenya, 10-21 May 2010)

DIVERSITAS co-organised four side events:

  • GBO-3: Progress towards the 2010 target, future prospects and implications for the post-2010 strategic plan of the CBD (S-CBD, DIVERSITAS, UNEP-WCMC; 11 May).-GBO-3: Biodiversity futures for the 21st century (S-CBD, DIVERSITAS, UNEP-WCMC; 12 May).
  • GEO-BON: Building a Global Biodiversity Observing System (GEO, Japan, DIVERSITAS, NASA and EBONE; 13 May).
  • Toward an IPBES (DIVERSITAS, IUCN, IHDP, ICSU; 14 May).

  • Preparing for CBD-COP10: CBD-COP10 preConference (Nagoya, Japan, 21-23 March 2010)

DIVERSITAS co-organised with the Japan Ministry of the Environment, Nagoya University and the Secretariat of the CBD (S-CBD) a CBD-COP10 preConference to contribute to discussions on IPBES, the 2020 targets, and further development of AP-BON (Asia Pacific BON) as part of GEO BON. The meeting which involved an audience of 300 scientists and policy makers from the Asia Pacific region featured a science-policy plenary dialog on IPBES between Mr Tajima, Senior-Vice Minister of the Environment of Japan, and DIVERSITAS scientists. The report of the event was used to prepare statements for SBSTTA 14, and COP10.


  • Contribution to CBD-COP11 (Hyderabad, India, 8-19 October 2012)

DIVERSITAS statement on the implementation of the CBD strategic plan 2011-2020: Read here.

Side events:

  • "Biodiversity and Health: strengthening synergies and collaboration" (DIVERSITAS, SCBD, EcoHealth Alliance), 8 Oct. 2012. See the programme and presentations
  • "How integrated science can support the goals of the Rio Conventions" (DIVERSITAS, Future Earth, SCBD, UNEP-WCMC), 9 Oct. 2012 as part of the Rio Pavilion and its session "Towards Integrated Science, Assessments and Monitoring for the Rio conventions": See the programme
  • "IPBES - from establishment to operationalization" (UNEP, UNESCO, FAO, UNDP, Government of Germany), 11 Oct. 2012. See the programme
  • Community wellbeing: a flexible approach to measure progress from the ground up?, 11 Oct. 2012: See the programme
  • "Sustainable Use of Biodiversity and food security" (ATREE, DIVERSITAS, IUCN, World Agroforestry Centre), 17 Oct. 2012: See the programme

Cities and Biodiversity Outlook (CBO)

Thomas Elmqvist, Chair of the DIVERSITAS bioSUSTAINABILITY Scientific Committee released the Cities and Biodiversity Outlook (CBO) as well as the recommendations from the "Urbanization, ecosystems and biodiversity: assessments of India and Bangalore", in which members of DIVERSITAS are involved.

More on CBO.


  • Contributions to CBD-SBSTTA 17 (Montreal, Canada, 14-18 October 2013)

DIVERSITAS and its partners held a series of events prior to and during SBSTTA 17.

  • Expert Workshop on enhancing biodiversity data and observing systems in support of the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, 12 Oct.
  • Second meeting of the Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 Advisory Group, 13 Oct.
  • Side event "Scenarios assessment for the Global Biodiversity Outlook 4", 15 Oct.
  • Side event "Behavioural change and inclusive wealth: transition to sustainability", 15 Oct3.


  • Contributions to CBD-SBSTTA 18 (Montreal, Canada, 23-28 June 2014)

DIVERSITAS and its partners held a series of events prior to and during SBSTTA 18.

  • Expert Workshop on GBO4, 21 June.
  • Presentation on GBO Technical Support Document in Plenary, 23 June.
  • Side event "Fostering Synergies Between Biodiversity and Human Health: towards the post-2015 Development Agenda", 23 June. Jointly organised by S-CBD, DIVERSITAS, EcoHealth Alliance, UNEP and Bioversity.


  • Contribution to CBD-COP12 (Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea, 6-17 October 2014)

DIVERSITAS, its core projects and its partners held a series of events and activities.

  • Launch of the Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 and of its Technical Support Document

Press conference: Launch of the Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 (GBO-4)

Watch the video of the press conference here.

Related side events organised by DIVERSITAS and its partners:

The Science behind GBO-4 - Introducing the technical support document
Bridging biodiversity science and society: a Youth contribution towards mainstreaming GBO-4 findings

  • Side event "Access and Benefit-Sharing in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Science-Policy dialogue for academic research"
  • Biodiversity and health : Launch of The State Of Knowledge Review On Biodiversity And Health: “Framing Biodiversity And Health In The Context Of The Post-2015 Development Agenda”

Side event "Tackling common drivers of disease and biodiversity loss: a One Health approach"

  • DIVERSITAS statements at COP12 :

DIVERSITAS delivered a series of statements on the following topics:

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