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Cross-cutting Networks

Publications developed by DIVERSITAS Cross-cutting Networks cover topics such as mountain biodiversity, freshwaterBIODIVERSITY, agroBIODIVERSITY, and invasive species.

Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA)

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Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity

This book contains research presented at two Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment workshops held in Moshi, Tanzania and La Paz, Bolivia. It includes an overview chapter on high elevation land use, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning. A synthesis was prepared on impacts on highland biodiversity, with a focus on fire and grazing. Examples from the tropical Andes and Africa, the European Alps, and the Himalayas reveal valuable data and references.

Land use change is the most important of all global change impacts on mountain biodiversity, and has the greatest impact on its ecosystem integrity and biological richness. Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity focuses on the interplay between disturbances in mountains, primarily anthropogenic in origin, and the mountain biota that determine responses to this disturbance. At the core of this issue is how species and landscape diversity buffers the anthropogenic impacts. Many of the themes also have ecological applications beyond mountain regions.

For book orders, please take a look at

Researchers of developing countries can apply for a free book copy at the GMBA secretariat. The number of available copies is limited, so could you let them know (1) your research interests, (2) if the book will be used for teaching purposes, (3) if the book will be made available to a larger audience (e.g. university library)


Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment

Spehn EM, Körner Ch (2005)
This brochure offers fast facts on mountain biodiversity and top reasons to promote conservation and sustainable use of mountain ecosystems. It also provides information on current GMBA projects, activities, and its structure.
Download brochure (PDF small version 724 KB, PDF large version 1.7 MB) or order a free copy at

TREE Publication on GMBA Workshop held at ESA 2004 conference

The results of a GMBA workshop on functional significance of mountain biodiversity, organised by William Bowman of the University of Boulder/Colorado, are reflected in a paper published in Trends in Ecology and Evolution on the role of aboveground-belowground relationships in controlling ecosystem processes and properties, using examples mainly of the alpine zone.

Richard D. Bardgett et al. 2005. A temporal approach to linking aboveground and belowground ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20 (11):634-641.


Click here to download the article.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Chapter on Mountain Ecosystems

GMBA coordinated and contributed to the chapter on the status and trends in Mountain Ecosystems of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.  The chapter assesses the available knowledge on physical, biological, economic, and social conditions in the world's mountain areas and describes their likely future.

Körner, C., Ohsawa, M. et al, 2005: Mountain Systems. Chapter 24 in: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005.  Current State and Trends: Findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group.  Ecosystems and Human Well-being, vol.1, Island Press, Washington DC.

Please take a look at . Electronic copies can be ordered through the GMBA secretariat

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

L. Nagy, G. Grabherr, Ch. Körner, D.B.A. Thompson (Eds.),10735,5-10027-22-2135485-0,00.html

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in EuropeCovering all of Europe, this volume synthesises taxonomic, ecological, historical, functional and climatic studies to develop a holistic understanding of biodiversity at and above the treeline. Main themes include: plant, vegetation and animal diversity, altitude gradients and spatial patterns, long-term changes and the effects of herbivores on diversity. These themes are introduced by a geo-biological scene setting and by a novel characterisation of alpine bio-climate. Comparisons of current and long-term observations and data emphasise the historical tradition of alpine biodiversity research in Europe. Analyses of taxonomic and assembly data, at the continent-wide scale, provide insight into pattern and its historical and ecological causes.


GMBA Moshi - La Paz Research Agenda on land use effects on tropical and subtropical mountain biodiversity

In: DIVERSITAS Newsletter no. 5, 2003, p. 14.

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

Mountain biodiversity: a global assessment

Körner Ch and Spehn EM (eds.) (2002)

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in EuropeThis book is a contribution to the International Year of the Mountains in 2002. It brings together knowledge from around the world, gathered from contributions to the first international conference on mountain biodiversity, its function and change. For book orders please contact The Parthenon Publishing Group;_id=&pc;

Mountain biodiversity matters

Körner Ch, Spehn EM, Messerli B (2001)

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in EuropeThis brochure is the executive summary of the 1st International Conference on Mountain Biodiversity Assessment 2000 (Rigi-Kaltbad, Switzerland), published by the Swiss Academy of Sciences in cooperation with the United Nations University UNU (Tokyo)

Order a free paper copy at:



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Vörösmarty C, Lettenmaier D, Leveque C, Meybeck M, Pahl-Wostl C, Alcamo J, Cosgrove W, Grassl H, Hoff H, Kabat P, Lansigan F, Lawford R and Naiman R. (as members of the Framing Committee of the GWSP). Humans Transforming the Global Water System. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 85(48): 509:520. 2004 .
Available online

Alcamo J, Grassl H, Hoff H, Kabat P, Lansigan F, Lawford R, Lettenmaier D, Leveque C, Meybeck M, Naiman R, Pahl-Wostl C and Vörösmarty C. (eds. Framing Committee of the GWSP, 2004). The Global Water System Project: Science Framework and Implementation Activities. Earth System Science Partnership. 2004

freshwaterBIODIVERSITY Science Plan (2006)

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in EuropeThe Science Plan and Implementation Strategy of the DIVERSITAS cross-cutting theme freshwaterBIODIVERSITY: Challenges for freshwater biodiversity research

freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges

by David Dudgeon et al.

Biological Review (2006), 81, pp. 163-182

Click here for the full article

freshwater biodiversity

Angela Arthington et al.: The Challenge of Providing Environmental Flow Rules to Sustain River Ecosystems, Ecological Applications, 16(4), 2006, pp. 1311-1318



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Schröter D, Brussaard L, De Deyn G, Poveda K, Brown VK, Berg MP, Wardle DA, Moore J, Wall DH. Trophic interactions in a changing world: modeling aboveground–belowground interactions. Basic and Applied Ecology 5: 515-528. 2004

Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes: Saving Natural Capital without losing Interest

by Charles Perrings et al.
Editorial in Conservation Biology Volume 20, No. 2, 263–264, April 2006

Click here to read the full article

agroBIODIVERSITY Science Plan (2005)

Ecological Studies 167: Alpine Biodiversity in Europe The Science Plan and Implementation Strategy of the DIVERSITAS cross cutting theme agroBIODIVERSITY: A new science agenda for biodiversity in support of sustainable agroecosystem

Global Invasive Species Project (GISP)

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A Plague of Rats and Rubbervines: The Growing Threat of Species Invasions

by Y. Baskin (2002); Shearwater Books/Island Press, Washington, D.C.

A Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species

by J.A. Mc Neely, H.A. Mooney, L.E. Neville, P. Schei, J.K. Waage (eds.) (2001)
IUCN in collaboration with the Global Invasive Species Programme, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Invasive alien species: A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices

by R. Wittenberg adn M.J.W. Cock (2001); CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK.

The Great Reshuffling: Human Dimensions of Invasive Alien Species

by J.A. Mc Neely (ed.) (2001); IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

A Guide to Designing Legal and Institutional Frameworks on Alien Invasive Species

by C. Shine, N. Williams, L. Gundling (2000); IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge and Bonn.

Invasive Species in a Changing World

by H.A. Mooney and R.J. Hobbs (2000); Island Press.

Patterns and pathways of biological invasions

by R.A. Everett (2000); Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15:5:177-178.

The Ecology of Invasions

by M. Williamson (2000); In G. Preston, A.G. Brown and E. van Wyk (eds.) Best Management Practices for Preventing and Controlling Invasive Alien Species. Symposium Proceedings, Cape Town, South Africa: Working for Water Programme.

The Economics of Biololgical Invasions

by C. Perrings, M. Williams and S. Dalmazzone (eds.) (2000); Edited by Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

A global strategy for dealing with alien invasive species

by H.A. Mooney (1999); In O.T. Sandlund, P.J. Schei and A. Viken, eds. Invasive Species and Biodiversity Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Does global change increase the success of biological invaders

by J.S. Dukes and H.A. Mooney (1999); Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 135-139.

Species without frontiers

by H.A. Mooney (1999); Nature 397: 665-666.

The Global Invasive Species Program (GISP)

by H.A. Mooney (1999); Biological Invasions 1:97-98.

Space Invaders: Modelling the Distribution, Impacts and Control of Alien Organisms

by R.W.J Dean (1998); Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13: 256-258.

Winners and losers in a changing world

by Y. Baskin (1998); BioScience 48: 788-792.


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Last updated : 28 August 2006

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