Oaxaca Declaration on Biodiversity
The scientists participating in the DIVERSITAS First Open
Science Conference, Integrating biodiversity science for
human well-being, held in Oaxaca, November 9-12, 2005,
support the conclusions of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
and of the Conference Biodiversity Science and Governance
held in Paris in January 2005:
• Biodiversity is our common natural heritage
and the foundation for a wide variety of ecosystem
services that are crucial to human well-being.
• Irreversible destruction of biodiversity is
taking place globally as a result of human activities;
there is insufficient political and public attention
to its extent and consequences.
• Mechanisms to conserve and sustainably use
biodiversity have been developed at local, national
and international levels; these need to be supported
and considerably expanded.
• Scientific knowledge of biodiversity must
be substantially increased, but immediate actions
must be taken to better protect biodiversity based
on existing knowledge.
Therefore, they call upon governments, policy makers and
• to integrate biodiversity into the criteria
considered in all economic and policy decisions that
affect environmental management;
• to launch and support ambitious interdisciplinary
research programmes to explore the Earth’s biodiversity,
the ecological and socio-economic causes and consequences
of its changes, and the best means to conserve and
sustainably use it;
• to commit resources to build and greatly expand
the capacity, especially in developing countries,
to undertake biodiversity research and implement the
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
In agreement with the recommendations of the Paris
Conference, they urge national governments and United
Nations bodies to establish a properly resourced international
scientific panel that includes an intergovernmental component
and that aims at providing, on a regular basis, validated
and independent scientific information relating to biodiversity
to governments, international conventions, non-governmental
organisations, policy makers and the wider public.
and print the Oaxaca declaration