Pakistan biodiversity research
At universities many individuals took part in projects over wildlife on ecology, human impact and conservation (caprinae, birds, pheasants, fish, flying squirrels, primates, forests, wetlands, waterfowl). However these studies were not integrated approaches and were more or less issues handled at the specific individual level. For example Wetland Biodiversity studies in the Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan bring results on this ecosystem conservation and management. This combined the ideas of conservation with local community involvement as well as later governmental attachments to handle and grasp the issues into policies and for larger sharing. Universities did take part in coordinating such things. But unfortunately so far there is no real mechanism at academic level that could take the lead to handle such an important agenda for biodiversity.
Then come the inter-governmental and non-governmental sector. In Pakistan greater efforts have been made and a lot of work has been completed in the field of biodiversity and its conservation. In reality Pakistan spearheaded many fronts at international level to bring many resources and concepts in the area of conservation and biodiversity management in the remote corners of the country by getting the maximum input from resource planners, think tanks and planners. Many big time projects were launched in the remote areas to work on the issues of biodiversity conservation through rural and remote human community involvement. These projects involved the open windows, innovations into wise use and management as well as empowerment of the communities to save their own resources. Trophy hunting, medicinal plants initiatives, fuel efficient stoves were one of the areas where ideas were to get these large scale projects part of the life style of the remote communities for an overall wise environmental and biodiversity conservation on long term basis so that with projects life the ideas and efforts should not end up.
Since early 90's the projects on pollution management, industrial pollution, road and range management, soil biodiversity, urban biodiversity, human waste management came to light and lot of institutions started thinking and planning about this. Now at these times we have more then ten good institutions that are involved with the training and management of the people in the environmental sector but still the capacity on the biodiversity is growing. Still the existing universities have little resource to get to the biodiversity conservation science.
Some research themes where work is going on include:
Ethnobotany of mountain areas
Lowland-highland interaction on the stake of water and biodiversity issues
Ecosystem management planning and approaches
Research on possible hunting programmes of Galliformes
Pheasant conservation and breeding programme in Himalayas
Some main conservation and management themes in biodiversity at the national level are:
Biodiversity conservation strategies in northern Areas
Biodiversity policy at national level, while forest and wildlife laws and policies are there
Institutionalization of biodiversity
Economics of biodiversity
Business approaches to biodiversity conservation
Property rights and information issues on biodiversity
Innovative mechanisms for replacing the resource exploitation by poor communities in environmental hit areas.
Water and wetland biodiversity resource use
Some useful institutions that focus their work on biodiversity include:
NARC: National Agriculture Research Center, Islamabad
National council for the conservation of Wildlife, Mr. Umeed Khalid there
Ministry of Environment, contact Inspector General of Forests (IGF) there
IUCN-Pakistan, contact Country Rep. there
WWF-Pakistan, contact their DG there
Punjab Wildlife & Parks Department, may contact Dr. A. Aleem Chaudhry, who is Conservator for M & E
Sustainable Dev. Policy Institute, Islamabad
Center for Environmental Research & Conservation, contact Prof. Z. B. Mirza there
Ornithological Society of Pakistan, contact Dr. Aleem Khan there
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