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Science-policy

Good policy making relies on good information drawn from assessments, which are as strong as the underpinning research and observations. ecoSERVICES has been strongly committed to promote the delivery and use of policy-relevant knowledge.

The science-policy activities of ecoSERVICES have been focused on:

 

Working with the Convention on Biological Diversity

ecoSERVICES, through DIVERSITAS and its Memorandum of Understanding with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) contributes to different aspects of the CBD's programme of work.

In 2007, ecoSERVICES responded to CBD requests for submissions on (a) the role of economic incentives in biodiversity conservation and (b) the links between economic trends and the spread of invasive species. This led to a contribution to CB-COP9 (more and see COP9 meeting documents here).

More recently, ecoSERVICES and bioSUSTAINABILITY joined forces on a project called Ecosystem-based biodiversity targets and indicators for 2020. This project was designed to contribute to the discussions on the 2020 targets and developed a framework that captures the inter-linkages between biodiversity and human well-being to help define the 2020 biodiversity targets and associated indicators. It culminated by organising side events and reporting in plenary at CBD-SBSTTA 14 and CBD-COP10.

 

Publications

  • Mace GM, Cramer W, Díaz S, Faith DP, Larigauderie A, Le Prestre P, Palmer M, Perrings C, Scholes RJ, Walpole M, Walther BA, Watson JEM and Mooney HA. 2010. Biodiversity targets after 2010. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 2(1-2):3-8
  • Perrings C, Naeem S, Ahrestani F, Bunker DE, Burkill P, Canziani G, Elmqvist T, Ferrati R, Fuhrman J, Jaksic F, Kawabata Z, Kinzig A, Mace GM, Milano F, Mooney H, Prieur-Richard AH, Tschirhart J and Weisser W. 2010. Ecosystem Services for 2020. Science. 330(6002):323-324
  • Perrings C, Naeem S, Ahrestani FS, Bunker DE, Burkill P, Canziani G, Elmqvist T, Fuhrman JA, Jaksic FM, Kawabata Zi, Kinzig A, Mace GM, Mooney H, Prieur-Richard A-H, Tschirhart J and Weisser W. 2011. Ecosystem services, targets, and indicators for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(9):512-520

 

Workshop and conference

Side event at CBD-COP10: Beyond 2010: Defining achievable new indicators and targets, 21 Oct 2010, Nagoya, Japan

Organisers: DIVERSITAS, ecoSERVICES, bioSUSTAINABILITY, UNEP, UNEP-WCMC, IHDP, sponsored by UNEP-DEPI

Announcement and leaflet.

 

Workshop: Targets and Indicators – an ecosystem service lens, 6-7 Mar 2010, New York, USA

Organisers: ecoSERVICES, bioSUSTAINABILITY, BESTNet, TraitNet

In advance of the CBD-COP10, the workshop asked what the science of ecosystem services implies for the ecosystem-based biodiversity targets for 2020 being considered at COP10. The discussions were based on Mace et al. (2010)'s propositions to use a colour coding to establish priorities among the various biodiversity targets under consideration. The argumentation is that a classification of targets in three colours should help decision-makers to clarify priorities among competing agendas:

  • Red = "urgent"   → addressing biodiversity change directly harmful to people (e.g. loss of key ecosystem services, tipping points; cf. DIVERSITAS' contribution to GBO-3)
  • Green = "conservation"   → conserving biodiversity components valued by society for non-utilitarian purposes
  • Blue = "management and governance"    → understanding and governing biodiversity and ecosystems.

The workshop resulted in the publication of a paper in Science (Butchart et al. 2010) that was made available to delegates and presented by DIVERSITAS at the side event at CBD-COP10. DIVERSITAS recommended to:

  • Establish priorities among the various targets under consideration using a three-colour coding,
  • Use a systems approach (i.e. consider social-ecological systems as wholes) to develop all the new targets,
  • Consider coherence between targets and with other MEAs, and
  • Work with IPBES when established to further develop science based targets and indicators.

 

 

Policy briefs for UNEP

ecoSERVICES has a Memorandum of Understanding with UNEP under which it provides information on the science relevant to the governance and economy of biodiversity and ecosystem services at the international level. The results are summarised in a series of policy papers covering:

  • Payments for ecosystem services
  • Trade and invasive species
  • Applications of the precautionary principle to the management of ecosystem services at the international level
  • Governance structures and the supply of international environmental public goods.

 

Publications

  • Arriagada R and Perrings C. 2010. Paying for International Environmental Public Goods. UNEP Ecosystem Services Economics Working Papers, Nairobi, UNEP
  • Keller R and Perrings C. 2010. International policy options to reduce the harmful impacts of alien invasive species. UNEP Ecosystem Services Economics Working Papers, Nairobi, UNEP
  • Perrings C, Duraiappah A, Larigauderie A and Mooney H. 2010. The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Strengthening the Science-Policy Interface. UNEP Ecosystem Services Economics Working Papers, Nairobi, UNEP
  • Perrings C, Naeem S, Ahrestani FS, Bunker DE, Burkill P, Canziani G, Elmqvist T, Fuhrman JA, Jaksic FM, Kawabata Zi, Kinzig A, Mace GM, Mooney H, Prieur-Richard A-H, Tschirhart J and Weisser W. 2011. Ecosystem services, targets, and indicators for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(9):512-520
  • Teelucksinghe S and Perrings C. 2010. Biodiversity Indicators, Ecosystem Services and Local Livelihoods in Small Island Developing States (SIDS): Early Warnings of Biodiversity Change. UNEP Ecosystem Services Economics Working Papers, Nairobi, UNEP
  • Touza J and Perrings C. 2010. The provision of international environmental public goods. UNEP Ecosystem Services Economics Working Papers, Nairobi, UNEP

 


Support to assessment mechanisms via DIVERSITAS

ecoSERVICES was directly engaged in the development of a research agenda for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Follow-up initiative, and strongly supported the development of an international program of research that extended the approach pioneered by the MA.

ecoSERVICES also contributed to the International Mechanism on Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity (IMoSEB) consultations that were completed in 2007. Since then, both the MA Follow up initiative and IMoSEB mechanisms merged to form the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). ecoSERVICES supported the process toward the establishment of the IPBES and more especially the involvement of the scientific community in this process. More

 

 

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Symposium on Global Integration, Local Ecosystems: Frontiers of Science for Biodiversity Policy at the 2009 AAAS Annual Meeting, 12-16 Feb 2009, Chicago, USA

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