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Supported projects

DIVERSITAS' supports projects for environmental and carbon compensation

DIVERSITAS's carbon and environmental offset supported projects:

 

Baviaanskloof MegaReserve project, in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

The Baviaanskloof Wilderness Area lies approximately 120 km West of Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, and comprises of approximately 270 000 ha of unspoiled, rugged mountainous terrain. The Baviaanskloof Megareserve is located in the Cape Floristic Kingdom, the most threatened of the world’s 5 floristic kingdoms, with a land area less than 5% of any other floristic kingdom and plant endemism of 68%. This Megareserve is the largest area protecting intact swaths of this floristic kingdom, including elevational gradients from the ocean into interior mountains, spanning almost every biome in the floristic kingdom. UNESCO designated Baviaanskloof as a World Heritage Site because of its importance in conserving 5 of the 7 Cape Floristic biomes, including large scale ecological and evolutionary processes such as herbivory by megaherbivores, disturbance regimes, and response to climate change.

 

Alam Sehat Lestari project, in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

 

Projects supported by the Planet Under Pressure conference (2012, London, UK)

  • Better cooking stoves that reduce deforestation and decrease air pollution in Ghana (Gold Standard).
  • Energy efficient cooking stoves for urban families that reduce deforestation and help prevent respiratory diseases in Mali (Gold Standard).
  • Improved indigenous forest management: planting trees, capturing CO2, restoring biodiversity, and developing the local population's economic activities in Malaysia (Verified Carbon Standard).


Reducing deforestation with improved cook stoves in Ghana

Fuel wood and charcoal meet approximately 75% of Ghana’s fuel requirements. Approximately 69% of all urban households in Ghana use charcoal. The annual per capita consumption is approximately 180 kg; the total annual consumption is about 700,000 tonnes. Accra and Kumasi, the two largest cities in Ghana, account for 57% of all charcoal consumed in the country. The demand for wood puts Ghana’s forests under tremendous pressure and has severe consequences for the ecosystem as a whole. Air pollution from cooking with solid fuel is a key risk factor in childhood acute lower respiratory infections (for example, pneumonia), as well as in many other respiratory, cardiovascular and ocular diseases. In Ghana, exposure to indoor air pollution is responsible for the annual loss of 502,000 disability adjusted life-years (DALY). The DALY is a standard metric used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to indicate the burden of death and illness due to a specific risk factor. The WHO also estimates that exposure to indoor air pollution is responsible for 16,600 deaths per year in Ghana.

The project promotes sales of improved charcoal stoves in urban and rural communities in Ghana. The company’s distribution network is expanding to cover major towns and market centers in and around the Greater Accra Region, Eastern Region, Ashanti Region, and Central Region. In total, the project promotes the commercialisation of up to 244,000 cook stoves over a period of nine years. The improved charcoal cook stoves achieve fuel savings of 35 to 50 percent compared to conventional stoves. In addition to saving fuel, the stoves directly reduce household expenditures. An average family saves 300 kilograms of charcoal per year. Users also benefit from a much healthier cooking environment since the cleaner burning causes less smoke and less carbon monoxide emissions. Currently, inefficient and polluting cooking processes are deeply entrenched in Ghanaian culture. Using carbon finance, this project aims at breaking this trend, and moving large populations away from practices resulting in unacceptably high GHG emissions and indoor air pollution, which damage health and deforest, so with a significant environmental impact.

Download the full project's description.

 

Energy efficient cooking stoves for urban families in Mali

More than half of Mali is covered by the Sahara Desert and another third is threatened by desertification. Only some 15% of the land is suitable for the cultivation of plants of which 10.8% (13.2 million hectares) is covered by forests. Alongside fighting poverty and ensuring food self-suficiency, the preservation of forests is one of the country’s main priorities. However, the country meets between 80% and 90% of its fuel requirements with wood or charcoal. 50% of the wood used for fuel stems from forests that aren’t sustainably managed and reforested, further contributing to desertification. In addition to environmental issues, the domestic use of wood and wood-based fuels for cooking brings substantial health risks. Regular inhalation of smoke can lead to serious respiratory problems and eye ailments and can even cause birth defects. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) almost 40,000 Malians die from indoor air pollution every year.

The project is located in the capital of Bamako and its greater surrounding area. Until the late 1990s, wood was the most commonly burned fuel source. Since then, the burning of charcoal has become widespread. Although it takes six kilograms of wood to produce one kilogram of charcoal, this is a positive trend as the use of charcoal is significantly more energy efficient than the use of coal. During the project’s ten year lifespan, 300,000 traditional ovens are to be replaced by energy efficient cooking stoves. The new ovens are constructed by a Bamako-based company, creating additional jobs in the city.

Download the full project's description.

 

Improved Forest Management in Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia

Malaysia‘s deforestation rate is accelerating faster than that of any other tropical country in the world. Borneo, the third largest island in the world, is in the cradle of a region rich in diversity and was once covered with dense rainforests. Borneo’s northern state of Sabah was the world’s leading log exporter in the 1990s and is now largely logged out. In the Lahad Datu district of Sabah, the rainforest rehabilitation project INFAPRO aims at re-establishing these precious forests.

Improved forest management (IFM) methodologies are designed to facilitate the transition of unsustainably managed forests towards a high-productive forest. The INFAPRO project has been designed to rehabilitate an area of 25,000 ha adjacent to the unique primary forests of Danum Valley through IFM activities. It is located in an area with a high density and diversity of fauna.

With a total of 25,000 ha being reforested and ca. 138,000 tons of CO2 being captured, the project does not only contribute to climate change mitigation but also provides additional social benefits and will also contribute towards the conservation of forest biodiversity.

Download the full project's description.

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